Chocolate and cocoa include average to excessive amounts of oxalate, which may increase the danger of kidney stones. Chocolate could also be a factor for heartburn in some folks as a result of considered one of its constituents, theobromine, might have an effect on the esophageal sphincter muscle in a way that permits abdomen acids to enter the esophagus. Theobromine poisoning is an overdosage response to the bitter alkaloid, which happens more incessantly in home animals than humans. However, every day intake of 50–one hundred g cocoa (zero.eight–1.5 g theobromine) by people has been related to sweating, trembling and severe headache. Chocolate contains alkaloids similar to theobromine and phenethylamine, which have physiological effects in people, but the presence of theobromine renders it toxic to some animals, together with canines and cats. a hundred-grams of milk chocolate is a wonderful source (over 19% of the Daily Value, DV) of riboflavin, vitamin B12 and the dietary minerals, manganese, phosphorus and zinc.
Chocolate manufacturers produce a range of products from chocolate bars to fudge. Large producers of chocolate products embody Cadbury (the world’s largest confectionery manufacturer), Ferrero, Guylian, The Hershey Company, Lindt & Sprüngli, Mars, Incorporated, Milka, Neuhaus and Suchard. In comparison to most meals, cocoa contains more phenolic antioxidants. Cocoa solids are a supply of flavonoids and alkaloids, corresponding to theobromine, phenethylamine, and caffeine.